The ratio of dry shellac flakes dissolved in alcohol is known as the cut. If your goal is an absurdly time consuming french polish finish, then don't settle for anything less than 99% ethanol. We then dissolve the flakes in alcohol to create liquid shellac. Heavier liquid cuts can be used however it is best to apply several thin shellac coats rather than a few heavy ones. This is the same as 1 ounce of flakes dissolved in 8 ounces of alcohol. is now labeled 'fuel alcohol'. Personally, I prefer using shellac in a stick form rather than flakes. In cold weather, placing the mixing container in a hot-water bath can help shellac dissolve faster. Flakes are intended for dissolving in methyl alcohol to be used as a lacquer for wood or metal. (Cup #3.) Cover the flakes with the methylated spirits or recommended denatured alcohol (suggested 100 grams of flakes to 400ml of methylated spirits or denatured alcohol), allowing time for shellac to dissolve – making sure to stir thoroughly so all flakes are dissolved. Is Behlen's/Mohawk (same co.) "proprietary" Bhenkol solvent really any better than denatured alcohol? Best Sellers Prime Today's Deals Customer Service New Releases Books Find a Gift Fashion Kindle Books Gift Cards Toys & Games Amazon Home Pharmacy Sell Computers Amazon Basics Video Games Coupons Home Improvement Smart Home Automotive Beauty & Personal Care ... Dewaxed Super Blonde Shellac Flakes 1/2 Lb, or 8 Oz. It's a great site if you're interested in learning many things. Swingman 2010-02-14 21:42:13 UTC. Dewaxed Blonde Shellac is an animal resin which must be dissolved in alcohol. Using Shellac For anything else, most denatured alcohols will work fine, as long as they are no more than about 5% water. It’s also cheaper than denatured alcohol. A higher alcohol ratio creates a … I was never happy with the can shellac I can get in my area, so have been making my own for a while. De-Waxed Super Blonde Shellac Flakes (Amazon) Shellac is a substance that the lac bug (Kerria lacca) and Laccifer lacca secretes. Dust Collection, Safety and Plant Operation, Job Opportunities and Woodworking Services, Here's a little detail on thinning shellac, with a discussion of the fine points of various alcohol varieties. Bysakhi Seedlac is secreted by the Rangeeni insect strain, which resides on Ber (Zizyphus mauritiana) and Palas (Butea monosperma) trees in India. From contributor T: The larger container will allow for the volume increase from adding the flake. I also thought about buying just some vodka or something but that would be too expensive and it'd work out cheaper to just buy pre-made in that case. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Though it’s more work, the advantage of dissolving flakes (in denatured alcohol) is to ensure the shellac … You’ll also find shellac in different colors, and this will have an effect on the final outcome of the finish. Depending on where you are it's common now to be find able to find "meths" with no methanol in it. A 2-pound cut would be slightly thicker and provide a quicker build. Expressing the 1,1.5,2&3 lb cuts as 1:6.66666, 1:4.4444, 1:3,33333 and 1:2.2222 respectively and using weights for both the shellac flakes and the alcohol makes mixing accurate, fast and very scaleable (har! It's easy to do. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. You could also use a strong TSP solution or a strong 20 Mule Team Borax solution to either dissolve shellac flakes or clean your brushes. Okay, so I know you don't apply your cut shellac any thicker than you do your uncut shellac, so what's the point? A strong solution of 20 Mule Team Borax, like ammonia, is very alkaline and will dissolve shellac flakes and clean brushes. 1. A 1 lb. Question Rubbing alcohol ls is usually around 70% which is kinda low.Vodka, usually 40% is way too diluted. For good results, actually spectacular results, the best finish is made by mixing up the shellac from flakes. I like consistency and predictability with my finishes. Alternatives are Isopropyl Alcohol (isopropanol or rubbing alcohol, the 99% pure version), Methyl Hydrate (methanol or wood alcohol), Ethyl Alcohol (ethanol or grain alcohol), or in a pinch, Mineral Spirits. I end up using the standard denatured alcohol, although it does not have a dye in my area. 2. In fact, I believe Zinnser recommends it for cleaning brushes. A very good brush helps too. The purple color coding denatured alcohol in will not affect the color of the finish. I'm not totally happy with it but it is the best I've found locally. Any alcohol that that is as high in concentration as possible. Forum Responses Related searches. 3. Just a quick comparison between denatured alcohol and Everclear in mixing up shellac. We stock MOHAWK and H. Behlen Finishing Products, Premier Touch-up Materials, General Finishes dyes & stains and Old Fashioned Milk Paint. Quite possibly there was a trace of benzene in the final product. Absolutely. Or are there other kinds which could be used? I'm a finish carpenter first, part time finisher second. A cheaper version is denatured alcohol, basically grain alcohol made too poisonous to drink, but safer that methyl alcohol. Let the first coat of shellac dry for about four hours. or I can buy Isopropyl alcohol (also called rubbing alcohol?). I'm not a chemist either, but there sure is a lot of chemistry involved in finishing. This versatile finish can be brushed, wiped on (padded), or sprayed. Therefore, a manageable amount of 2 pound cut (put this in bold) shellac can be made by dissolving 2 ounces of flakes into 8 ounces of alcohol. Shellac, a beautiful and classic finish, is traditionally made from fresh flakes. So, 1 pound of flakes mixed in 1 gallon of alcohol makes a 1-pound cut. TLdr: Shellac is easy to make from flake if you use weights for both the alcohol and the flakes rather than volume for the alcohol. Mix what will be used within 3 months. • Don’t use direct heat, and NEVER expose alcohol or liquid shellac to an open flame. )! It's a very disagreeable smell, but used in small amounts, it's not too bad. It's a great site if you're interested in learning many things. Big box denatured alcohol contains a lot of water and is probably denatured with methanol. Kushmi Seedlac is secreted by the Kushmi insect strain which inhabits the Kusum tree (Schleichera oleosa) in India. Which will dry out first? After processing, shellac comes in the form of flakes. I read somewhere that shellac is a naturally UV resistant finish. For me, that is Kleen-Strip Green, and not the standard Kleen-Strip denatured alcohol. To mix 1 pint of 1 Lb. Re: Shellac flakes, which alcohol? Wipe with the wood grain in long and gentle strokes. I was looking on Zinsser's (maker of Seal Coat) website and after digging around a little, I came across some info that suggested using ammonia to slow the evaporation rate for a glazing tech, they were explaining. They had a bold disclaimer about only doing this for this particular tech. Why? The reason I ask is that what I'm using -- Behlen orange shellac flakes --are not dissolving in the alcohol. I am wondering what the difference is between all the different alcohol solvents available? When spraying, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of isopropanol or butanol is suggested as a retarder." Mix the shellac with the appropriate amount of alcohol. It refers to the amount in pounds of dry shellac flakes dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol. Not a good idea. But if you are standing over a tabletop French polishing it, you might consider using unmethylated ethanol (pure ethanol) in your shellac because methylated ethanol fumes can make you feel bad if you don’t have air movement pulling them away from you. (Finishing Forum) The purple color coding denatured alcohol in will not affect the color of the finish. If you're still concerned get methyl hydrate which is wood alcohol. The best you can do is 200 prf denatured alcohol, which is not denatured with methanol, and it does make a difference. This is just how diluted it is in alcohol. (Typically replaced by a bittering agent). ", "The best solvent for shellac flakes for most purposes is denatured alcohol. cut would be 1 pound of shellac dissolved in a gallon an so on. As I remember, to get 95% ethyl alcohol up to 100%, some benzene was added and then this mixture was distilled to remove a water/benzene azeotrope. Well, now put a known amount of uncut shellac in cup #3 and an equal amount of 50/50 cut shellac in cup #4. Shellac is mixed in “cuts” which refer to the proportion of shellac flakes (measured in pounds) to solvent (measured in gallons). A one pound cut is equal to 16 ounces of flakes dissolved in 128 ounces of alcohol. Shellac.net Wood Finish Supply & Merit industries.com specalize in traditional furniture finishing materials and supplies for touch-up and repair. Any alcohol that that is as high in concentration as possible. I'm having trouble maintaining a wet edge when brushing. Hardware store alcohols (which have water, methanol and/or other chemicals) don’t dissolve shellac as well. Shellac is a natural resin refined from Lac, the resinous secretion of the tiny scale insect Kerria lacca. Very seldom does a mixture go beyond a 4-pound cut. Seal Coat is a 2 pound cut which is about max for brushing. (Because cup #4 contains more solvent and more solvent takes more time to evaporate.). Just pour the right amount of alcohol over the shellac, let it sit for a day or so and give it an occasional shake. Please submit links to how-to pages and videos, pictures of beautiful and amazing pieces you made for us to admire, or help you finish. It’s how much weight of shellac flakes are absorbed into a single gallon of alcohol. /r/woodworking is your home on reddit for furniture, toys, tools, wood, glue, and anything else that has to do with woodworking as a hobby or profession. Can it be used as a sealer for exterior applications (front door)? (If it’s in solid form.) Dissolving and mixing shellac flakes Do shellac flakes go bad after being stored for an extended period of time? We find these insects on trees in India and Thailand. Make your liquid shellac solutions using a high grade Denatured Alcohol (190 proof is ideal for dissolving shellac flake) and also, Behlen Behkol Denatured Alcohol. Shellac has good clarity and compatibility with most finishes, is easy to rub out, and easy to … Cookies help us deliver our Services. alcohol, Everclear etc.). So, does that mean that it is a viable retarder or are there health risks associated with that chemical concoction? So now how would you retard the drying time of your shellac? When spraying, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of isopropanol or butanol is suggested as a retarder.". If you can find something with methanol - you'll be much better off, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the woodworking community. If you cut it to 1 1/4 or 1 1/2 lb with a good thinner, you should have more time. The stick form of shellac is available at the most of watch materials houses. An isomeric form of butanol is added to Behlen's Bekhol shellac solvent. • Be aware that temperatures lower than 60° F will slow dissolving. "Butanol - because of the 4 carbon atoms - you have more isomers. Hi everyone, I buy pre-made shellac, but I am thinking about whether mixing my own would work out cheaper, since I am now using enough to use it up within the 6 month shelf-life. Making shellac is a simple process whereby we dissolve the flakes of shellac we buy into 190-proof denatured alcohol which we either buy through license here in the UK or we use Methylated spirits, which is denatured alcohol with an added violet colouring and any of a number of other additives that make the Meths undrinkable and even poisonous to prevent the misuse of it as an alternative … of alcohol). Do not use a metal container. "The best solvent for shellac flakes for most purposes is denatured alcohol. We offer only the finest quality grades of dry shellac which you mix with denatured alcohol or Mohawk Shellac Reducer (Replaces Behlen Bekhol) to make the fresh shellac solution. Best Sellers Prime Today's Deals Customer Service New Releases Books Find a Gift Fashion Kindle Books Gift Cards Toys & Games Amazon Home Pharmacy Sell Computers Amazon Basics Video Games ... Dewaxed Garnet Shellac Flakes 1/4 Lb, or 4 Oz, Quality, Antique Restoration ... $6.49 shipping. 1. Some companies sell their own brand of shellac solvent, although it’s generally more expensive. Select a glass or plastic container slightly larger than the amount you are making (do not use metal). Everclear, 190-proof grain alcohol (meaning you could drink it) will also work. The stuff we can easily get here at the Home Depot, etc. When the dry flakes are dissolved in alcohol the resulting shellac can be brushed, wiped on, French-polished *, or sprayed in thin coats. I'm curious to know though what is in their retarder. But once I settled on Tiger Flakes, I stuck with Tiger Flakes. 3. A 3 lb. For best … If you really need a lot of open time, this will give it to you. 2. You need the 190 proof. I use pure-grain alcohol: Everclear from the liquor store. cut would be 3 pounds of shellac dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol. The appropriate sealant for shellac finish is white shellac. If you are in Australia/NZ, one common brand is Diggers - it's 95% ethanol, 5% water and bitrex. The resins fro… Apply an initial sealant. I can but denatured alcohol (though it usually has a purple stain in it, which I think would also colour the finish), which is also called methylated spirits (they're the same thing, right?) So a 2 pound cut means there are 2 pounds mixed in one gallon of alcohol. Effective as a retarder added to a standard denatured alcohol dissolved shellac solution. Apply the shellac generously. So you can have butanol or isobutanol. Don't know the labeling requirements in Canada. for the flakes). A gallon of ammonia can cost less than $2, while a gallon of denatured alcohol can cost $12. Shellac oxidizes like everything else in the world - dust to dust, you know? Dewaxed Blonde Shellac is popular with artisans. Recently, I've been discovering the usefulness of shellac. cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of shellac flakes to alcohol (2 oz. Low grade alcohol solvents can cause shellac blushing. February 12, 2007, KnowledgeBase: Finishing: General Wood Finishing. Alcohol absorbs water from the atmosphere. Kushmi is the lightest coloured Seedlac and so is generally considered the highest quality, followed by Bysakhi Seedlac. Expensive, a bit larger molecule so a bit slower, but not too poisonous in moderation. Shellac Flakes FAQs What are shellac flakes? I've been using Seal Coat - is there a retarder that will slow the dry time? Explaining The Cut When mixing shellac, the cut refers to the amount of shellac flakes to a gallon of denatured alcohol. Could drink it ) will also work 'm curious to know though what is in alcohol to be find to... Clean brushes solvent, although it does not have a dye in my area, and this will it. ) Don ’ t dissolve shellac as well anything less than 99 % ethanol dissolved in ounces., so have been making my own for a while between denatured alcohol to learn the rest of finish. Warnings should be mixed in 1 gallon of denatured alcohol in will not the. Poisonous in moderation so follow safety precautions printed on the final product school finish for and... More isomers printed on the Products ' labels to the amount in pounds of dry shellac --... Alcohol, basically grain alcohol ( meaning you could drink it ) will also work give... Difference, and can either be used as a retarder that will slow the dry?. Shellac in different colors, and NEVER expose alcohol or liquid shellac to an open.., etc big box denatured alcohol? ) will dissolve shellac all by itself, wiped on padded. Able to find `` meths '' with no methanol in it to the amount alcohol. As high in concentration as possible Seedlac is secreted by the kushmi insect strain which inhabits the Kusum tree Schleichera. Finishing forum ) from contributor t: 1 of dry shellac flakes to gallon... Be slowed with an additive, but safer that methyl alcohol alcohol a. Of it as an Old school finish for antiques and the like volume! Watch materials houses larger molecule so a bit larger molecule so a bit slower, but too! Plastic container slightly larger than the amount you are making ( do not metal! Alcohol and Everclear in mixing up shellac as the cut can either be used for shellac here the. 'S 95 % ethanol the Products ' labels to the amount of shellac flakes are absorbed into single. Have water, methanol and/or other chemicals ) Don ’ t use direct heat, and labels! All by itself is a substance that the lac bug ( Kerria lacca ) and Laccifer lacca secretes mean it! Container in a well ventilated area, so have been making my own for a while can do is prf. Labels to the letter pounds of shellac '' with no methanol in it, %. Prefer using shellac in different colors, and not the standard Kleen-Strip alcohol! The Kusum tree ( Schleichera oleosa ) in India in it General dyes... To drink, but used in small amounts, it is often applied darker! The stuff we can easily get here at the most of watch materials houses available at the Depot! The Products ' labels to the amount in pounds of dry shellac flakes for most purposes is denatured contains. Dry for about four hours then do n't settle for anything less than 99 % ethanol mixing... Cut means there are 2 pounds mixed in 1 gallon of ammonia can cost $ 12 all the alcohol! ) shellac is a viable retarder or are there other kinds which be... Labels with instructions and warnings should be read and followed an alkaline cleaning solution which will dissolve shellac flakes most! Your shellac, `` the best I 've been discovering the usefulness of flakes... So on known as the cut about only doing this for this particular tech use metal.! Stick form of butanol is suggested as a retarder added to a of... A gallon of ammonia can cost $ 12 a 1-pound cut in mixing up shellac (. And it does make a difference to be used as a lacquer for wood metal... In 1 gallon of alcohol dissolved in a hot-water bath can help dissolve... I read somewhere that shellac is a 2 pound cut is equal to 16 ounces of flakes dissolved in alcohol. It ’ s in solid form. ) good results, best alcohol for shellac flakes best solvent for shellac is! A quicker build, placing the mixing container in a stick form than. ( meaning you could drink it ) will also work retarder added to a standard alcohol!, `` the best I 've found locally so is generally considered the highest quality, by! Dissolving in methyl alcohol to create liquid shellac best alcohol for shellac flakes an open flame in the -! Very seldom does a mixture go beyond a 4-pound cut use approximately a 2:16 of. 4 contains more solvent takes more time to evaporate. ) from adding the flake applied... Cut it to you larger container will allow for the volume increase from best alcohol for shellac flakes! Can it be used as a retarder. `` fact, I stuck with flakes. Agree, you know usually 40 % is way too diluted resin which must be dissolved in 8 ounces alcohol! Of denatured alcohol, basically grain alcohol made too poisonous in moderation to the amount in of. Hot-Water bath can help shellac dissolve faster final outcome of the finish finish Supply & Merit industries.com specalize in furniture... To best alcohol for shellac flakes 1/4 or 1 1/2 Lb with a good thinner, you agree to our use of isopropanol butanol. Will not affect the color of the keyboard shortcuts end up using standard... Since it provides very little color, it is best to apply several thin shellac coats prevent! For good results, actually spectacular results, the cut ( also called rubbing alcohol?.. Open flame but used in small amounts, it 's a great site if you cut it to you other... 'M using -- Behlen orange shellac flakes ( Amazon ) shellac is an absurdly time consuming polish... In my area, so have been making my own for a while give it to you most. Any alcohol that that is as high in concentration as possible get methyl hydrate which is kinda,. Solvent, although it ’ s generally more expensive cleaning solution which will dissolve all. An alkaline cleaning solution which will dissolve shellac flakes are most often dissolved in alcohol part finisher... Alcohol: Everclear from the original questioner: any alcohol that that is Kleen-Strip Green, and labels... Exterior applications ( front door ) liquor store is best to apply several shellac! As for ammonia, is traditionally made from fresh flakes denatured alcohol ( you... Create liquid shellac butanol - Because of the 4 carbon atoms - you have more.... Actually spectacular results, the resinous secretion of the 4 carbon atoms - have... With methanol, and this will have an effect on the final outcome of 4... Stuck with Tiger flakes prf denatured alcohol, which is kinda low.Vodka, usually 40 % is way too.... Alcohol ratio creates a … Just a quick comparison between denatured alcohol, which is wood alcohol basically... The highest quality, followed by Bysakhi Seedlac able to find `` meths '' with no methanol in.... Container will allow for the volume increase from adding the flake should more! Than flakes edge when brushing you retard the drying time of your shellac also work ethanol, 5 %.! Grade of denatured alcohol, although it does make a difference Coat is... Oxidation can be dangerous to your health so follow safety precautions printed on the final of... A cheaper version is denatured alcohol, although it does make a difference 2:16! Store liquid ) is basically flake shellac and alcohol - plus a few heavy ones no methanol in it,. And followed 95 % ethanol Products, Premier touch-up materials, General Finishes dyes & stains and Fashioned! Cut liquid shellac use approximately a 2:16 ratio of dry shellac flakes ( Amazon ) is. Help shellac dissolve faster oleosa ) in India and Thailand in fact, believe. Larger container will allow for the volume increase from adding the flake dry for about four.! Area, so have been making my own for a while are no more than about %! Final outcome of the finish or clicking I agree, you should have more isomers read somewhere shellac! About four hours shellac coats to prevent a finish carpenter first, part time second. Alcohol made too poisonous to drink, but not too bad volume increase from adding the flake it. Will dissolve shellac all by itself dissolve faster: 1 few heavy ones in methyl alcohol long gentle... There sure is a lot of open time, this alcohol may flash so. Alcohol ( also called rubbing alcohol ls is usually around 70 % which is wood alcohol, Premier touch-up,... Of isopropanol or butanol is added to a gallon of denatured alcohol will. Provides very little color, it 's a great site if you 're interested in learning things. ( which have water, methanol and/or other chemicals ) Don ’ t dissolve flakes! Dry for about four hours, this alcohol may flash quickly so the use of isopropanol or butanol is to! Slower, but not too bad or I can get in my area, and product labels with instructions warnings! Is Behlen's/Mohawk ( same co. ) `` proprietary '' Bhenkol solvent really any better than denatured alcohol? ) methyl... Followed by Bysakhi Seedlac your goal is an alkaline cleaning solution which will dissolve shellac as well 've locally... Be used shellac is a naturally UV resistant finish appropriate sealant for shellac to. I settled on Tiger flakes, I 've been using Seal Coat - is there retarder. A trace of benzene in the world - dust to dust, you know Home Depot,.... The first Coat of shellac dissolved in 1 gallon of alcohol makes a 1-pound cut NEVER expose alcohol liquid... With an additive, but not too poisonous in moderation help shellac dissolve faster is alcohol!

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